From Eczema to Hay Fever: Understanding the Progression of Allergies in Children, the ‘Allergic March’ Unveiled

eczema From Eczema to Hay Fever: Understanding the Progression of Allergies in Children, the
From Eczema to Hay Fever: Understanding the Progression of Allergies in Children, the ‘Allergic March’ Unveiled

From Eczema to Hay Fever: Understanding the Progression of Allergies in Children, the ‘Allergic March’ Unveiled

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that affects many children worldwide. Characterized by itchy, inflamed, and dry skin, eczema can be quite distressing for both children and their parents. However, what many people don’t realize is that eczema often paves the way for the development of other allergic conditions later in life. This phenomenon is known as the ‘Allergic March,’ a progressive sequence of allergies that affects many children. In this article, we will delve into the topic of eczema, its connection to other allergies, and the mechanisms behind the ‘Allergic March.’

Eczema: The Itchy Beginning

Eczema affects approximately 10-20% of children and usually appears within the first year of life. Although the exact cause of eczema is unknown, it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Children with eczema usually have a compromised skin barrier, which allows irritants, allergens, and microbes to penetrate the skin more easily. This compromised barrier leads to the release of chemicals and immune responses that result in inflammation, itching, and redness. Eczema can cause significant discomfort for children, affecting their sleep, mood, and overall quality of life.

Understanding the Allergic March

The Allergic March, also known as the Atopic March, refers to the sequential development of allergic conditions over time. It commonly begins with eczema during infancy and progresses to other allergic conditions such as food allergies, allergic rhinitis (hay fever), and asthma. While not all children with eczema will develop other allergic conditions, studies have shown that there is a strong association between them.

FAQs About Eczema and Allergic March

1. Can eczema be cured?

Yes, eczema can be managed effectively, but there is currently no cure. The primary goal of treatment is to control symptoms and prevent flare-ups. Moisturizing the skin regularly, avoiding triggers such as certain fabrics and irritants, and using prescribed topical medications are commonly recommended strategies.

2. Why does eczema often progress to other allergies?

The exact reason behind the progression of eczema to other allergic conditions is not fully understood. However, researchers believe that a combination of genetic predisposition, immune dysregulation, and environmental factors contribute to the development of these allergies. The damaged skin barrier in eczema patients is thought to increase the risk of sensitization to allergens, triggering other allergic conditions in some individuals.

3. Can the Allergic March be prevented?

While it may not be possible to completely prevent the development of other allergic conditions in children with eczema, certain measures can be taken to reduce the risk. Early and proper management of eczema, including diligent skin care, avoiding triggers, and seeking medical advice promptly, can help minimize the severity of eczema and potentially delay or lessen the onset of other allergies.


Eczema is a common and distressing skin condition that often serves as the starting point of the Allergic March. Recognizing the association between eczema and the progression of other allergic conditions is crucial for both parents and healthcare professionals. By understanding the mechanisms underlying the Allergic March, we can promote early intervention and effective management strategies to minimize the impact of allergies on children’s lives. While there is no cure for eczema or the Allergic March, with proper care, support, and medical guidance, children can lead healthy and fulfilling lives despite their allergies.[4]

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