Combatting Dengue: Bangladesh’s 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031)

Dengue Response Combatting Dengue: Bangladesh
Combatting Dengue: Bangladesh’s 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031)

Combatting Dengue: Bangladesh’s 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031)

In recent years, Bangladesh has faced a significant rise in dengue cases, posing a major public health concern. The country has been grappling with the burden of this mosquito-borne disease, which has led to severe illness and even death. In response to this crisis, Bangladesh has launched a comprehensive initiative called the 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031) to combat dengue and minimize its impact on the population.

The Dengue Crisis in Bangladesh

Bangladesh has been experiencing a surge in dengue cases since the early 2000s. The urban areas, especially Dhaka, have been hit the hardest by this epidemic. Dengue fever, caused by the Aedes mosquito, has become a major public health concern due to its rapid transmission and potentially lethal consequences. The disease affects individuals of all ages, but children are particularly vulnerable.

The 2023 Response Operation

Recognizing the urgent need to address the dengue crisis, Bangladesh launched the 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031). This operation is a joint effort between the government, international organizations, and local communities to implement proactive measures and raise awareness about dengue prevention.

Objectives of the Operation

The primary objectives of the 2023 Response Operation are as follows:

1. **Strengthening Surveillance and Early Warning Systems:** The operation aims to enhance the existing surveillance and early warning systems to detect dengue outbreaks promptly. This includes training healthcare workers and establishing an efficient data reporting mechanism.

2. **Vector Control and Eradication:** To curb the spread of dengue, the operation focuses on intensifying vector control measures. This involves extensive larviciding and residual spraying, as well as implementing innovative methods such as Wolbachia-infected mosquito release. The operation also emphasizes community engagement and the promotion of personal protective measures.

3. **Clinical Management:** Enhancing the capacity of healthcare facilities to diagnose and manage dengue cases effectively is crucial. The operation aims to train healthcare professionals and strengthen the healthcare system’s ability to provide quality care to dengue patients.

4. **Public Awareness and Education:** Raising awareness among the general population is essential to prevent and control dengue. The operation includes an extensive public awareness campaign, utilizing various media channels, community programs, and school initiatives to educate individuals on dengue prevention, symptoms, and seeking timely medical attention.

5. **Emergency Preparedness and Response:** The operation aims to strengthen the emergency response capacity at both national and local levels. This involves developing contingency plans, establishing treatment centers, and mobilizing resources to ensure a swift response in the event of a dengue outbreak.

Collaboration and Partnerships

The 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031) operates through strong collaborations and partnerships between the government of Bangladesh, the Bangladesh Red Crescent Society, and international organizations like the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC).

International support and technical expertise from organizations like the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF have also been instrumental in the successful implementation of this operation.

The Dengue Response on the Ground

The 2023 Response Operation is being executed through a grassroots approach, with extensive involvement from local communities. Community engagement teams visit neighborhoods, schools, and public places to provide information about dengue prevention, distribute educational materials, and encourage participation in vector control activities.

Furthermore, the operation conducts capacity-building workshops and trainings for healthcare professionals, equipping them with the knowledge and skills necessary to manage dengue cases effectively. Regional hospitals and clinics receive support in terms of equipment, supplies, and training to ensure quality care provision.

Progress and Impact

Since the launch of the 2023 Response Operation, significant progress has been made in combatting dengue in Bangladesh. The strengthened surveillance systems have facilitated early detection and rapid response to outbreaks, allowing for timely interventions to control the spread of the disease. The number of reported dengue cases has decreased, saving lives and reducing the burden on healthcare facilities.

The operation’s focus on vector control has also yielded positive results. By implementing larviciding and other measures, the density of Aedes mosquitoes has been significantly reduced in many areas. The community’s increased knowledge and participation in prevention activities have further contributed to the success of controlling the vector population.


The 2023 Response Operation – DREF Operation (MDRBD031) in Bangladesh showcases the commitment of the government and its partners to combat dengue effectively. Through a comprehensive approach that includes surveillance, vector control, clinical management, public awareness, and emergency preparedness, this operation has made incredible strides in reducing the dengue burden. Continued efforts and support from all stakeholders will be pivotal in sustaining these achievements and creating a future where dengue is no longer a public health crisis in Bangladesh.


Q: What is dengue fever?

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease that causes flu-like symptoms, including high fever, severe body pain, rashes, and headaches. In severe cases, it can lead to dengue hemorrhagic fever or dengue shock syndrome, which can be life-threatening.

Q: How does the 2023 Response Operation prevent dengue?

The 2023 Response Operation prevents dengue through various strategies, including strengthening surveillance systems, implementing effective vector control measures, enhancing clinical management, raising public awareness, and improving emergency preparedness and response.

Q: What can individuals do to prevent dengue?

Individuals can prevent dengue by eliminating mosquito breeding sites, using mosquito nets and repellents, wearing long sleeves and pants, and avoiding outdoor activities during peak mosquito hours. It is also essential to seek medical attention if experiencing dengue-like symptoms.[3]

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