Top 11 Global Health Challenges to Monitor in 2023, as Identified by IHME Experts

Climate Change Top 11 Global Health Challenges to Monitor in 2023, as Identified by IHME Experts
Top 11 Global Health Challenges to Monitor in 2023, as Identified by IHME Experts

Top 11 Global Health Challenges to Monitor in 2023, as Identified by IHME Experts


The field of global health is constantly evolving, with new challenges emerging and existing ones persisting. It is crucial for experts and policymakers to stay informed about these challenges in order to develop effective strategies and responses. In this article, we will explore the top 11 global health challenges that have been identified by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) experts to monitor in 2023. These challenges encompass a wide range of issues affecting populations around the world, from infectious diseases to mental health and the impact of climate change.

Table of Contents

1. Infectious Diseases

1.1. Continued Threat of COVID-19

1.2. Antimicrobial Resistance

2. Non-communicable Diseases

2.1. Rise in Chronic Conditions

2.2. Mental Health Crisis

3. Maternal and Child Health

3.1. Improving Access to Healthcare

3.2. Role of Education and Empowerment

4. Climate Change and Health

4.1. Impact on Infectious Diseases

4.2. Increasing Health Inequalities

5. Health Systems Strengthening

5.1. Universal Health Coverage

5.2. Access to Essential Medicines

1. Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases continue to pose a significant threat to global health, and two key challenges in this area are expected to persist in 2023.

1.1 Continued Threat of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic has upended societies and overwhelmed healthcare systems worldwide. Although vaccines have been developed and implemented, the virus continues to evolve, and new variants are emerging. Experts will closely monitor the impact of these variants and the effectiveness of vaccination efforts to control the spread of the virus.

1.2 Antimicrobial Resistance

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) poses a serious threat to public health. Overuse and misuse of antibiotics have contributed to the development of drug-resistant bacteria and fungi, rendering many antibiotics ineffective. Monitoring the prevalence of AMR and promoting responsible antibiotic use will be crucial to prevent a post-antibiotic era, where common infections become untreatable.

2. Non-communicable Diseases

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, and diabetes have become leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally.

2.1 Rise in Chronic Conditions

The prevalence of chronic conditions is expected to rise in 2023, placing a burden on healthcare systems. Factors such as aging populations, unhealthy lifestyles, and limited access to healthcare contribute to the growing burden of NCDs. Monitoring the incidence and prevalence of these conditions can help inform prevention and management strategies.

2.2 Mental Health Crisis

Mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, and substance abuse, have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. The mental health crisis is expected to persist in 2023, requiring increased investment in mental health services and support systems. Monitoring the prevalence and impact of mental health disorders will be essential in addressing this crisis.

3. Maternal and Child Health

Improving maternal and child health remains a significant global health challenge, particularly in low-income countries.

3.1 Improving Access to Healthcare

Limited access to quality healthcare services continues to contribute to maternal and child mortality rates. Monitoring access to healthcare, particularly in remote and underserved areas, can help identify gaps and inform targeted interventions to improve maternal and child health outcomes.

3.2 Role of Education and Empowerment

Educating and empowering women and girls is crucial to improving maternal and child health. Ensuring access to education and reproductive health services can help reduce adolescent pregnancies, maternal mortality, and improve overall health outcomes for women and children. Monitoring progress in these areas will be essential to drive positive change.

4. Climate Change and Health

The impact of climate change on global health is becoming increasingly evident and will be a key area of focus in 2023.

4.1 Impact on Infectious Diseases

Climate change has the potential to impact the transmission patterns of infectious diseases. Rising temperatures and changing weather patterns can influence the geographic distribution of vector-borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever. Monitoring disease patterns, particularly in areas vulnerable to climate change, can help anticipate and respond to these health risks.

4.2 Increasing Health Inequalities

Climate change exacerbates existing health inequalities, disproportionately affecting vulnerable populations. Low-income communities and marginalized groups often bear the brunt of climate-related health impacts. Monitoring and addressing these disparities will be crucial to ensure equitable access to healthcare and promote resilience in the face of climate change.

5. Health Systems Strengthening

Strengthening health systems is vital to ensure equitable access to quality healthcare for all.

5.1 Universal Health Coverage

Universal health coverage (UHC) aims to provide essential health services to everyone without financial hardship. Monitoring progress towards achieving UHC can help identify gaps in coverage and inform policies to improve access to healthcare, including primary healthcare services, medicines, and vaccines.

5.2 Access to Essential Medicines

Ensuring access to essential medicines is critical for the treatment of both communicable and non-communicable diseases. Monitoring the availability, affordability, and quality of essential medicines can help identify barriers and inform strategies to improve access and affordability.


As we look ahead to 2023, it is vital to remain vigilant and address the global health challenges identified by IHME experts. From infectious diseases and non-communicable diseases to maternal and child health, climate change, and health systems strengthening, these challenges require collaborative efforts and innovative solutions. By monitoring these challenges and taking proactive measures, we can work towards a healthier and more resilient future for all.


1. What is the role of IHME in global health?

IHME, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, is a research institute dedicated to improving health outcomes worldwide. They provide critical data, insights, and research on global health challenges, helping inform policies and strategies to address these challenges effectively.

2. How does climate change impact global health?

Climate change has wide-ranging impacts on global health, from increasing the prevalence of infectious diseases to exacerbating health inequalities. Rising temperatures, extreme weather events, and environmental changes can lead to the spread of vector-borne diseases, food and waterborne illnesses, and mental health issues.

3. What is the importance of monitoring global health challenges?

Monitoring global health challenges allows experts and policymakers to stay informed about emerging issues, evaluate the effectiveness of interventions, and allocate resources appropriately. It helps identify areas of improvement, drive evidence-based decision-making, and ensure the health and wellbeing of populations worldwide.[3]

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